Health Terms

A list of commonly used terms and abbreviations:

Adipose Tissue:  In the simplest terms, it’s fat tissue.

BMR:  An abbreviation for “Basal Metabolic Rate.”  This is the amount of calories your body burns simply by existing throughout the course of 24 hours (16 of which are waking hours).  There are two different equations that are commonly used to determine this amount, and there will be a blog about them soon enough.

Bulking:  The process by which body builders choose to gain lean body mass.  By eating 500 calories above their maintenance, a pound per week of muscle mass is typically gained, along with a percentage of fat.  Because this gives the body more than enough fuel to build muscle, it leads to the quickest muscle and strength gains.  The bulking / cutting lifestyle is the center of recreational and professional bodybuilding.  (Also see Cutting.)

Cardio:  A shortened form of “Cardiovascular Training,” which refers to any number of aerobic exercises that are designed to both strengthen the heart, and burn off excess calories.  Examples include running, swimming, ice skating, elliptical training, biking, etc.

Cutting:  The process by which bodybuilders choose to lose the excess fat put on during a bulking cycle.  By eating between 100 and 500 calories below their maintenance, and doing more cardiovascular training than they typically would, nearly a pound of fat can be lost per week, with minimal impact to lean body mass.  This is also a great standard for everyone to follow as they lose weight, as it promotes healthy fat loss, healthy muscle mass, and minimal muscle loss.

HFCS:  An abbreviation for High Fructose Corn Syrup;  A post detailing this chemical will be created in the future.

HIIT: An abbreviation for “High Intensity Interval Training.”  This is crucial to cutting / weight loss as it prevents your body from settling into a rhythm, releases testosterone, and is incredible effective at losing fat while maintaining muscle mass.

LBM: A abbreviation for “Lean Body Mass,” which is the amount of mass your body contains excluding fat.  i.e.  Muscle + organs + skeletal system, etc.  This is used to track muscle growth and loss because it is the only metric that changes on a regular basis.

TDEE:  An abbreviation for “Total Daily Energy Expenditure.”  After calculating your BMR, you are to multiply it by a certain “Activity Multiplier” to determine the amount of calories you burn throughout the course of a day.  This is used because your BMR does not take into account movement, digestion, and other such minor (and usually, major) activities that require energy.  This is also commonly referred to as “Maintenance.”


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